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Reflection for my project 4

Posted by liyanxua on July 20, 2012 at 9:15 PM Comments comments (45)

For this project, I think the technology is a bigproblem for me. Since I'm using video to present my idea, iMovie become areally important media. Although I use this application a lot, but when I use itto edit a 10 minus film, I still think my iMovie skill is a little bit poor forthis. I should make it more interesting so my audiences will like to watch it.

Secondly, there is a drawback of using video, which is I can't divide mysub-points very clearly. So the transfer sentences become very important. Ithink the next time I should present my points step-by-step, clear and loud.


Reflection for my project 3

Posted by liyanxua on July 9, 2012 at 12:35 AM Comments comments (0)

After I submit my final draft on angel, I still feel unsettle and weird because I still think I didn't finish it yet. I think my point is very clear, but I couldn't find many paper to support my idea. It looks like there isn't a lot of people think about identity performing is a big problem on social network. Usually I can found a lot of academic article to support my idea, so it's kind of easy. But for this project, it's very hard to find articles can support my points directly. So I have to read so many artical that related to identity performing and psychology, to find one or two sentences to made my points more believable. Not until now, I realize quote is really important, because it not only can enrich my essay, but also can bring more ideas into my head.

Reading Responde (Stedman

Posted by liyanxua on June 30, 2012 at 11:45 PM Comments comments (0)

In this article, I really like this way to use quotation: “the easiest way to effectively massage inquotations is by purposefully returning to each one in your draft to see if youset the stage for your readers—often, by signaling that a quote is about tocome, stating who the quote came from, and showing how your readers shouldinterpret it” (Stedman). I think this is the best way to usequote because enoughexplanation of a quote will make my essay more fluency and easy to understand.I remember someone call it “sandwich theory”. It is the same thing as Stedmansaid. The stage for my reader is like the bread on the top of a sandwich, andthe explanation after the quote is the bread on the bottom of the sandwich. Ithink this method is very useful.


Review Synthesis

Posted by liyanxua on June 30, 2012 at 10:25 PM Comments comments (0)

In my project 1, Italk about the butterfly effect in social network, which is people like to“share” or “like” some video and article on social networking sites even theydon’t know if the information in there is true or not. I think this isvery important to this project 3. Because in Boyd’s article, he talks about theidentity performance, which means that people are like to have an identity onsocial networking sites and they performance it everyday. In real life, wecan’t say who is me, what are my hobbits, and so on. But on social networkingsites, a profile can make a stranger know you better than your parents. This isfascinated. So people “share” and “like” those video to reinforce theiridentity, for example, they share a video of KONY2012, and made people thinkthey are kind and justice.


The response for reflective writing

Posted by liyanxua on June 11, 2012 at 11:00 PM Comments comments (0)

I think “reflective writing” is a really good way to help students learnand develop as a better writer. In the article, the author uses this sentence to open with: ““Reflection” and “reflective writing” aremumbrella terms that refer to any activity that asks you to think about your ownthinking”(Reflective Writing). When we are writing an essay, it’s like drawing a picture, If you want it beautiful and perfect, you need to always take a step back, and look at the whole structure to make sure that you didn’t go in to a wrong way. Also when we are writing, there are always new idea and new evident pops out, if we don’t use this reflective writing skill, we might start up with one idea, and end up with another one that didn’t even close to the previous one.Thinking about what you are doing when you are doing is a save skill that guide us when we are writing.


The primary and secondary sources

Posted by liyanxua on June 6, 2012 at 1:20 PM Comments comments (0)

The primary sources are original, un-interpreted information; basically most of the data and work are directly from the author. For example: interview, poem and email are all consider as primary sources. The secondary sources are interpreted, analyze or summarize information, and most of the data are from other sources. In the secondary sources, the authors usually gather information and analyze it. For example: my academic essay, some journals about marketing, and the psychology textbook.

Three potential primary research topics:

People’s opinion about the social networking sites 



Chinese people’s living situation at the U.S



Love relationships changing with the development of the social media



Reflection for Project 1

Posted by liyanxua on June 4, 2012 at 11:05 AM Comments comments (0)

For this project, my purpose is to find out if our our influence for the social networking sites is big enough, and use it to prove that we need to distinguish the turth and rumor. My audience are all people who use social networking sites, and people have been influenced by the fake news from social networking sites. In my essay, I not only use a lot of data from different researchs to prove my ideas step by step, I also give some pictures. So I think I do provide a useful context for both me and my readers.

I think in my essay, I start as a student who belongs to this Web 2.0 generation, and ask my question. Next I did a lot of research as a researcher to answer my own question. Then I write down my own idea as a writer. Finally in my conclution part, I use my identity as a citizen to ask people stop spread the rumor at the social networking sites.

I think my weekness is my language and grammar. There was a lot of grammar problems in my essay. I think too much language and grammar problem will made my audience confuse. However, I think my organization is good for audience to understand because I use sub-title in my essay. It's clear and simple.

Respond to Krause (Chapter One)

Posted by liyanxua on May 22, 2012 at 12:35 AM Comments comments (0)

Google is the web site that I visit on a regular basis. Every time I question something, I google it! It contains “scholarly or academic publications” and “Non-scholarly or popular sources” (Steven D. Krause). All of the information are coming out, what I need to do is filtering the useful and credible info. Most of them are useful and make me think.

However, there is also a website I visit a lot, but I didn’t believe most of the things in it, which is Facebook. As a social network, I only use it for social. I think it’s not believable and credible because people at Facebook are sharing and liking something only because they want to demonstrate themselves, and they never question the video or article. However sometimes people who made the video and article just want to attract attention or achiever other their own goals. Like “KONY2012”, after the kind and justice sound spread out for about a week, there starts some people pulling out the truth of the story. Before that, nobody is really care about the invisible children at Uganda or wants to do something for them in person. They are all thinking share a video and wearing a bracelet will save them. So this is why I don’t believe in Facebook.

Cantonese: dialect or language?

Posted by liyanxua on February 17, 2012 at 10:50 AM Comments comments (1)




China is a multi-ethnic and multi language country. It’s contains about eighty dialects for different ethnic group. Cantonese is one of eighty dialects, and also one of language I master. I am proud of it not only because it’s my city’s dialect, but also it’s considered as a language of the world. It’s been used in all over the world now. In this essay, I will focus on what Cantonese is, what the history of Cantonese is, the sound and character of Cantonese, Where the Globalize Cantonese are, and the Dilemma situation of Cantonese now. The major focus of this essay is inform the audience that the specific and interesting information about Cantonese.

Definition: What is Cantonese?


Cantonese also named Yue, It is a language that originated from southern China. In Mainland China, it used at Guangdong Province and some neighboring areas. Outside Mainland China, It is spoken by the majority population of Hong Kong and Macau in daily life, and also by overseas Chinese communities at Asia, the United States, Canada, Peru, Cuba, Panama, Australia and New Zealand, as well as part of Europe. In the world, about 70 million people are using Cantonese. This number population ranking in third place in China's domestic language, and ranking in tenth place in the world (Lewis, Ethnologue: Languages of the World). For my own experience, I live in Shenzhen, which is a major city of Guangdong province nearby Hong Kong. Although the official language that we spoken in school and hospital is mandarin. However, in daily life, people use Cantonese to talk to each other, because it sounds familiar and warm, and it is the characteristics of fellow in Shenzhen. Not only in Shenzhen we can find fellow through Cantonese, but also in other cities, provinces, and countries. Even in America, 11,386 mile away from Shenzhen, I can still hare Cantonese almost every day of my life, in campus, restaurant, and on the streets.

History: What is the history of Cantonese?

Although Mandarin is the standard and official language in mainland China, it has only been around for about 700 or 800 years, compared to the 2000-year history of Cantonese (Cantonese: About Cantonese, Cantonese.ca). At the ancient times of china, the southern part had rare “Han” people live in there, which those people used “yayu”. Instate of it, there was some minority groups lived in there and talked with “ancient Cantonese”. After that, it comes to “Qin” dynasty, some “Han” people came to southern area and two languages start to communicate and impact each other, This is the time when Cantonese born. At “Wei and Jin” dynasty, people ran to south continuously because of the big war in north of China. So population in southern grew amazing high. That is the first flourish time of Cantonese. Then, Cantonese became more specificity, and it has it own vocabulary system and grammar system since “Tang” dynasty. After “Song” dynasty, because China was controlled by “Hu” people, who was a minority group in northern China, so “Yayu” and “Hu” language mix together, and becomes old mandarin. However, because of the marginality and closely of Guangdong province, Cantonese keeps a lot of grammar and vocabulary of “Yayu”. Until now, Cantonese is still using the oldest way of “Yayu”. For example, “Zao”(走) in Cantonese means running away, and “Hang”(行) means walking, those have the same meaning in “Yayu”. For now, Cantonese is called as the fossil of ancient Chinese—“Yayu”.


After ‘Qing” dynasty, China decided to Autarky and only left “Guangzhou”, which is a major city of Guangdong province both than and now, as a intercommunicate door to outside of the word, So all of foreigners that came to China learn Cantonese culture and language first, and they only brought back Cantonese culture to their home country. (makeboluo) At the same time, some of the southern Chinese also stated immigrated to foreign countries and distribute Cantonese at all over the world unconsciously.

Sound: What Cantonese sounds like?

Nowadays, there is some disagreement between Chinese and western linguists. Chinese linguists classified Cantonese as a dialect of Chinese because of the political and region way. However, the western linguists believe that Cantonese is a language as the same level as Chinese because it’s been broad used at all over the world. Cantonese is one of the five major Chinese languages. “Cantonese are often called "dialects", but in actuality their differences are great enough to consider them separate languages (Omniglot.com, Cantonese Language, Pronunciation and Special Characters)”. Cantonese have nine sounds and six tones, which are high level, high falling, high rising, mid level, low falling, low rising, and low level. Also, there are many different Romanization Systems for writing Cantonese with the Latin alphabet have been devised. These include: Meyer-Wempe, Yale, Sidney Lau, Jyutping and so on. Here is an example: (Cantonese.ca ,Cantonese: About Cantonese) This is the example of almost same pronunciation but different tone, and after that there are different Romanization systems for Cantonese. Here is another example that how Cantonese sentence sound like.


As a colloquial language, Cantonese is full of slang and non-standard usage. The language of youth is rapidly evolving, and new slang and trendy expressions are constantly emerging (Cantonese: About Cantonese, Cantonese.ca). Some of slang of Cantonese may not fit in to the Cantonese language system, but they are contributing to refresh the system and make the system always follow the step of generation instead of been eliminate.


Characters:What Cantonese looks like?

Because Cantonese started by an oral language, its characters consisted mainly by four methods(Morrison, A Vocabulary of the Canton Dialect. ):

1. Synonyms: Some characters used to represent words in Cantonese are synonyms of words used in standard written Chinese. For example, the character for "not" (不) is the synonym of 唔, the third-person pronoun (他 "he/she") is a synonym of 佢, and the plural pronoun marker (們) is the synonym of 哋. Those are different Chinese characters, but their meanings in Cantonese are the same.


2. Cognates: There are certain words that share a common root with words in standard written Chinese. However, because they have diverged in pronunciation, tone, and/or meaning, they are often written using a different character. Here is an example that the charters 来 (standard) and 嚟 (Cantonese), both meaning "to come." They share the same meaning and usage, but because the colloquial pronunciation differs from the literary pronunciation, they are represented using two different characters.


3. Native words: Some Cantonese words have no equivalents in Mandarin-based standard modern Chinese. Cantonese writers have from time to time reinvented or borrowed a new character if they are not aware of the original one. For example, some suggest that the common word 靚, meaning pretty in Cantonese but not in Chinese

4. Loanwords: New characters have been created to represent new concepts or loanwords. Like 巴士 for Bus,的士 for Taxi,they pronounce almost exactly like English pronunciations.


Here are some examples for Cantonese Characters, we can easily found out that the colloquial Cantonese are all different Standard Written Chinese.

Distribution: Where are the Globalize Cantonese now?

In English, the term "Cantonese" is ambiguous. Cantonese is the language native to the city of Canton, which is the traditional English name of Guangzhou, and later brought to Hong Kong and Macau; narrow sense may be specified as "Canton language" or "Guangzhou language" in English (Cantonese Culture: Aspects of Life in Modern Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, Ingram Shirley). Also, Cantonese is the dominant language in overseas Chinese communities. This comes from the fact that, around the world, the largest flow of Chinese immigrants originates from Hong Kong.

At United Kingdom, There are a large group of Cantonese speakers because of the former British colony of Hong Kong, and Hong Kong’s immigration after colony. Today an estimated 300,000 British people have Cantonese as a mother tongue; this represents 0.5% of the total UK population and 1% of the total overseas Cantonese speakers. At United State, for the last 150 years, Guangdong Province has been the place of origin of most Chinese emigrants to Western countries; As a result, Yue dialects such as Cantonese (with a heavy Hong Kong influence) have been the major language spoken abroad, particularly in the United States. For example, in New York City, Cantonese still predominates in the older historic part of Chinatown, surrounding Canal Street and west of the Bowery, while the newer Chinatowns in Queens and Brooklyn, as well as the expanded part of Manhattan Chinatown around East Broadway. In the San Francisco Bay Area, Cantonese historically predominated in Chinatown, San Francisco and Chinatown, Oakland and today in large areas of San Francisco, Daly City, and near East Oakland (Lai, Becoming Chinese American). There are also Cantonese speakers from south East Asian countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. All of those statistics show that Cantonese is not only a dialect of Chinese now, It is also a globalize language that been using all over the world.

Dilemma: How is Cantonese?

Nowadays, Cantonese is facing a lot of problem than ever before. Because of the State Policy to promote a common spoken language , Mandarin, Cantonese speaker is become lesser and lesser.


For example, In a 2009 newspaper commentary entitled "Destroying Cantonese, Beginning in Kindergarten? ” the writer complained that more and more primary school children could only speak Mandarin. Some of her friends spoke Cantonese to their husbands but Mandarin to their infant children. She attributed this to the policy of promoting Mandarin, the use of Mandarin as the instructional language in kindergarten, the employment of non-Cantonese nannies, and parental indifference (Is Cantonese in Danger of Extinction, Blogspot.com). More ironically, the New York Times reported in 2009 that Mandarin is eclipsing Cantonese in New York's Chinatown. In July 2010, the New York Times published a commentary by Hong Kong writer Verna Yu complaining that many Hong Kong parents were speaking in their less-than-perfect English to their infant children to prepare them for admission to prestigious international schools, with the result that those children could not speak their mother tongue at all. Cantonese is in a dilemma right now. Those are all really series problem for Cantonese. How will Cantonese keep going and developing in it own way?

Works cited

Paul, Lewis M., ed. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 16th ed. Print.

"Cantonese: About Cantonese." Learn Cantonese! 學廣東話! Ed. Cantonese.ca. Cantonese.ca. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://cantonese.ca/intro.php >


Omniglot.com. "Cantonese Language, Pronunciation and Special Characters." Omniglot - the Guide to Languages. Omniglot.com. Web. 15 Feb. 2012. <http://www.omniglot.com/chinese/cantonese.htm >


Morrison, Robert. A Vocabulary of the Canton Dialect. London: Ganesha, 2001. Print.

Ingram, Shirley C., and Rebecca S. Y. Ng. Cantonese Culture: Aspects of Life in Modern Hong Kong and Southeast Asia. Hong Kong: Asia 2000, 1995. Print.

Wikipedia. "Cantonese." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia.org. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cantonese >

Lai, H. Mark. Becoming Chinese American: A History of Communities and Institutions. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira, 2004. Print.

"Is Cantonese in Danger of Extinction? The Politics and Culture of Language Policy in China." China Notes: Superfluous Musings of a Chinese Historian. Blogspot.com, 20 Aug. 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. <http://chinamusictech.blogspot.com/2010/08/is-cantonese-in-danger-of-extinction.html>


Posted by liyanxua on February 3, 2012 at 11:20 PM Comments comments (0)

Yanxuan Li

Professor Marohang Limbu

WRA 1004-009

Culture Literacy

February 3, 2012

                                                      GROWING UP WITH MY CITY 


Shenzhen is a major city in southern China's Guangdong Province. It’s just north of Hong Kong. It became China's first—and one of the most successful—Special Economic Zones in 1979 (Shenzhen, Wikipedia). The whole world witnessed Shenzhen grow from a small fishing village to a modern city in just 30 years. I was born in Shenzhen in 1993. There are so many amazing similarities and connections between this city and me. So, I now realize that I not only grew up in my city, but I also grew up with it.


Shenzhen was a small fishing town until 1979. During that year, "There was an old man drew a circle beside the south sea of China" (The story of spring, Peng). This is a lyric of a song talking about how was Shenzhen become a impotent city of China. As you know, the circle is Shenzhen, appointed to be the first Special Economic Zone by President Xiaopin Deng of China. This Special Economic Zone was created to be an experimental ground for the practice of free market within a community guided. Before that, China had a planned economy, which means, at that time, government planned the production processes and investments. So Shenzhen was a newborn, open her eyes and crying out loud to announce that she's here.

After fourteen years, I was born in Shenzhen with many hopes, like my grandpa, grandma, and my parents. My mom told me, they made a list of names, and spent months to choose a great name for me before I was born. Obviously, I have a very nice and wonderful Chinese name—Yanxuan Li. Yanxuan is the name they thought was the best. Yan (彦) and Xuan (轩) are two Chinese characters, “‘Yan’ is the person who is well-read, generous and noble” (The Odes, BC 700), and “Xuan” means flying high. So, my parents gave me the name “Yanxuan” and hoped that I would become well read, generous, and noble person and be very successful. I came into this world and start to know it, although I don’t understand the hope for me, I do get it from my parent’s teaching and influence as I was growing up.


Shenzhen would never develop so fast and so good without attentions from people and leaders. At 1984, the president came and visited it to see the effect of the policy, and when he leaved he wrote down a sentence for it:” The develop of Shenzhen and the growth of economic proved that the policy of The Special Economic zone is right and we should keep going like this” (The speed of Shenzhen, Xinhua Daily Newspaper). In just 8 years later, the president came to Shenzhen again, and He gave a very important speech to encourage people. Those visiting and speeches helped Shenzhen laid a really good foundation for it’s development, because Shenzhen was like a young child, if parents don’t teach and encourage him, he will never grow up in a right path. As the president gave a great foundation for Shenzhen, my parents also gave me a great background for my life.

My parents had a lunchroom until I was 3 years old. Although they learned education in collage back to their hometown, opening a lunchroom in this crowed city is a much better choice to earn more money. However, I learn things so fast that I stood outside of our lunchroom and asked people to come in to have some food when I was two. It’s nice but not good for a girl who was hoped to be a lady in the future. So my parents sold the lunchroom and found jobs in a high school, and they are both teach math till now. I asked them why they made the decision without other thinking. They explained with this example – the reason that Shenzhen develop so well, is once Shenzhen started growing up, it’s so fast like a house get out of rein and you cannot stop it. They said, the president and those leaders made a right path and provide a good environment for Shenzhen to develop. So they did the same thing by changing our family’s situation. I was touching by my parent’s saying. Every time I do things I consider every single condition will affect it just like my parents done for me and president done for Shenzhen, after I plan everything, I go do it, and it works every time. Also after I start to learn and grow up, the good environment enabled me to learn good things and be a nice person.


There is a common saying “If you live in here 3 days long, you will see another building is becoming taller”. This sentence means Shenzhen is a high-speed develop city. Let’s take and look these pictures. They are exactly were taken from the same place in Shenzhen but different times.

(The change of Shenzhen. Left: Taken from Wutong mountain in 2006; right: Taken from Wutong mountain in 1985)

(The change of Shenzhen. Above: Taken from Yantian District in 1989; Below: Taken from Yantian District in 2006)

(The change of Shenzhen. Above: Taken from Luohu District in 1996; Below: Taken from Luohu District in 2005)

Shenzhen is growing up all the time, so am I. I am growing up every time and everywhere, not only in class but also in real life. I experienced a lot, also because of Shenzhen, I have many more opportunity to join in those activities. I was one of the top 10 singer in my high school, I was the champion of the Poetry reading game in my city, and I also directed and play a part in the of our school. In junior of my high school, I had a great idea of Marketing Strategy and I made it real in the one day Simulated market activity of our school,because many of student doesn’t have there own credit card at that time, so they cannot buy cheap and novel goods on the internet. So I “cooperate” with my parents. At that day, I showed students the picture of the goods and the prices on Internet, the prices in the store and my prices, and they can order the goods they want, I will sent it to there classroom after 7 days. Because it only takes once shipping fee for all the students, the prices for students would be cheaper than at the Internet. Obviously, I received a lot of orders and I earn my fist Pot of gold. That was a good growing up event, I teach myself a principal that I should always consider others then I can get what I want. Latter on, I noticed that Shenzhen was use the same way to develop, providing what people’s want, and people helping develop it.

(I am changing. Left: I was 9 years old in Shenzhen; Right: I was 17 years old in Shenzhen.)


In just 32 years, Shenzhen become a modern city, The average Gross domestic product (GDP) of Shenzhen jump to The first one of China, and after all the development, Shenzhen is trying to change to maintain what it have now and develop slowly but smartly, for example, Shenzhen is developing high-tech industry right now, and gradually divert a lot Heavy industries for protect the environment. Also Shenzhen is facing toward global market now. Since 1993, the sum of exports of Shenzhen is the best in the enter China, and until now, there are 148 the world's top 200 multinational corporations had investment in Shenzhen. (The speed of Shenzhen, Xinhua Daily Newspaper)

As I was seeking a right way to go, and now I come to here, United State, to learn and change for better me. I came here only 6 months ago, however, I learn tons of things in this unfamiliar environment without my parents and friends help. For example, few weeks ago, it was Chinese New Year, so I gathered about 20 Chinese friends together to make dumplings and Hotpot for dinner. It is a tradition of New Year. But as the organizer, I never know how tire it was and how many things you have to considered. It was not like the New Year I spend with my parents in China, because the only feeling I have is tire but not happy and enjoy. This time I know my parents was not that easy to prepare all those things for me, I should be grateful for them. These kinds of things are happened everyday; after all, I’m changing and moving forward everyday.


Shenzhen is now reputedly considered as one of the fastest-growing city in the world. However Shenzhen is still trying to be better, it wants to be the best in not only China, but also the whole world. Same time, I am making my own miracle of my life step by step. But I am also not satisfied; I will try my best to be a better person, for me and for this society. We are so special for each other and other else. We are like two best friends walking together. This is the video I created for my friend when I leave my high school for preparing study abroad. But here, it can show how I grew up in Shenzhen (http://youtu.be/PJuO5ADx39Y).

All of those growing up are like footprints of two people walking side by side, one is Shenzhen and another one is I. I know both of us will have a wonderful future.